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Israeli-occupied territories – Wikipedia, the free …

The Israeli-occupied territories are the territories occupied by Israel during the Six-Day War of 1967 from Egypt, Jordan, and Syria. They consist of the West Bank, including East Jerusalem; much of the Golan Heights; the Gaza Strip, though Israel disputes this and argues that since the implementation of its disengagement from Gaza in 2005 it no longer occupies the territory; and, until 1982, the Sinai Peninsula. The West Bank and Gaza Strip are also referred to as the Palestinian territories or Occupied Palestinian Territory. The Palestinian Authority, the EU,[1] the International Court of Justice,[2] the UN General Assembly[3] and the UN Security Council[4] consider East Jerusalem to be part of the West Bank and occupied by Israel; Israel considers all of Jerusalem to be its capital and sovereign territory.

The International Court of Justice,[2] the UN General Assembly[3] and the United Nations Security Council regards Israel as the “Occupying Power”.[5] UN Special Rapporteur Richard Falk called Israels occupation an affront to international law.[6] The Israeli High Court of Justice has ruled that Israel holds the West Bank under “belligerent occupation”.[7] According to Talia Sasson, the High Court of Justice in Israel, with a variety of different justices sitting, has repeatedly stated for more than 4 decades that Israels presence in the West Bank is in violation of international law.[8]

Israeli governments have preferred the term “disputed territories” in the case of the West Bank.[9][10]

The first use of the term ‘territories occupied’ was in United Nations Security Council Resolution 242 following the Six-Day War in 1967, which called for “the establishment of a just and lasting peace in the Middle East” to be achieved by “the application of both the following principles: … Withdrawal of Israeli armed forces from territories occupied in the recent conflict … Termination of all claims or states of belligerency” and respect for the right of every state in the area to live in peace within secure and recognized boundaries.

Israel’s annexation of East Jerusalem in 1980 (see Jerusalem Law) and the Golan Heights in 1981 (see Golan Heights Law) has not been recognised by any other country.[11]United Nations Security Council Resolution 478 declared the annexation of Jerusalem “null and void” and required that it be rescinded. United Nations Security Council Resolution 497 also declared the annexation of the Golan “null and void”. Following withdrawal by Israel from the Sinai Peninsula in 1982, as part of the 1979 IsraelEgypt Peace Treaty, the Sinai ceased to be considered occupied territory. Israel unilaterally disengaged from Gaza in September 2005, and declared itself no longer to be in occupation of the Strip. However, as it retains control of Gaza’s airspace and coastline, it continues to be designated as an occupying power in the Gaza Strip by the United Nations Security Council, the United Nations General Assembly[12] and some countries and various human rights organizations.[13][14][15][16]

The significance of the designation of these territories as occupied territory is that certain legal obligations fall on the occupying power under international law. Under international law there are certain laws of war governing military occupation, including the Hague Conventions of 1899 and 1907 and the Fourth Geneva Convention.[17] One of those obligations is to maintain the status quo until the signing of a peace treaty, the resolution of specific conditions outlined in a peace treaty, or the formation of a new civilian government.[18]

Israel disputes whether, and if so to what extent, it is an occupying power in relation to the Palestinian territories and as to whether Israeli settlements in these territories are in breach of Israel’s obligations as an occupying power and constitute a grave breach of the Geneva Conventions and whether the settlements constitute war crimes.[19][20]

Israel captured the Sinai Peninsula from Egypt in the 1967 Six-Day War. It established settlements along the Gulf of Aqaba and in the northeast portion, just below the Gaza Strip. It had plans to expand the settlement of Yamit into a city with a population of 200,000,[23] though the actual population of Yamit did not exceed 3,000.[24] The Sinai Peninsula was returned to Egypt in stages beginning in 1979 as part of the IsraelEgypt Peace Treaty. As required by the treaty, Israel had to evacuate Israeli military installations and civilian settlements before establishing normal and friendly relations.[25] Israel dismantled eighteen settlements, two air force bases, a naval base, and other installations by 1982, including the only oil resources under Israeli control. The evacuation of the civilian population, which took place in 1982, was done forcefully in some instances, such as the evacuation of Yamit. The settlements were demolished, as it was feared that settlers might try to return to their homes after the evacuation[citation needed].

Since 1982, the Sinai Peninsula has not been regarded as occupied territory.

Israel captured the Golan Heights from Syria in the 1967 Six-Day War. A ceasefire was signed on 11 June 1967 and the Golan Heights came under Israeli military administration.[26] Syria rejected UNSC Resolution 242 of 22 November 1967, which called for the return of Israeli-occupied State territories in exchange for peaceful relations. Israel had accepted Resolution 242 in a speech to the Security Council on 1 May 1968. In March 1972, Syria “conditionally” accepted Resolution 242,[citation needed] and in May 1972, the Agreement on Disengagement between Israel and Syria was signed.

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Israeli-occupied territories – Wikipedia, the free …

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Israeli Crimes Against Humanity – Michael A. Hoffman II

Israel’s Crimes against Palestinians: War Crimes, Crimes Against Humanity, Genocide

by Francis Boyle Professor of International Law

At the Brussels’ Palace of Justice on March 6, 2002, Souad Srour El Meri, one of 28 Palestinians filing war crimes charges against Israeli Prime Minister Ariel Sharon for the 1982 massacre of Sabra-Shatila, shows a photo of Arab children killed by Sharon’s proxies. A Brussels appeals’ court is considering putting Sharon on trial for war crimes he perpetrated in Lebanon.

The International Laws of Belligerent Occupation

Belligerent occupation is governed by The Hague Regulations of 1907, as well as by the Fourth Geneva Convention of 1949, and the customary laws of belligerent occupation. Security Council Resolution 1322 (2000), paragraph 3 continued: “Calls upon Israel, the occupying Power, to abide scrupulously by its legal obligations and its responsibilities under the Fourth Geneva Convention relative to the Protection of Civilian Persons in a Time of War of 12 August 1949;…” Again, the Security Council vote was 14 to 0, becoming obligatory international law.

The Fourth Geneva Convention applies to the West Bank, to the Gaza Strip, and to the entire City of Jerusalem, in order to protect the Palestinians living there. The Palestinian People living in this Palestinian Land are “protected persons” within the meaning of the Fourth Geneva Convention. All of their rights are sacred under international law.

There are 149 substantive articles of the Fourth Geneva Convention that protect the rights of every one of these Palestinians living in occupied Palestine. The Israeli Government is currently violating, and has since 1967 been violating, almost each and every one of these sacred rights of the Palestinian People recognized by the Fourth Geneva Convention. Indeed, violations of the Fourth Geneva Convention are war crimes.

So this is not a symmetrical situation. As matters of fact and of law, the gross and repeated violations of Palestinian rights by the Israeli army and Israeli settlers living illegally in occupied Palestine constitute war crimes. Conversely, the Palestinian people are defending themselves and their land and their homes against Israeli war crimes and Israeli war criminals, both military and civilian.

The U.N. Human Rights Commission

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Israeli Crimes Against Humanity – Michael A. Hoffman II

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Occupy Detroit | Join the Movement

Today the Michigan Citizen ran a significant article worth reading…

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Occupy Detroit | Join the Movement

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Jacksonville only Florida city allowing Uber app to connect riders, limo drivers

They dont own any cars and they dont occupy a building where people can knock on their door, but if people have a smart phone and a credit card they can hire a luxury sedan. The so-called Uber application is changing the landscape for car services around the world but for now Jacksonville is the only city in Florida that allows them to operate. A bill in the state legislature (SB-1618) is trying to rewrite the rules to allow the smart phone application to exist in more Florida cities but it is running into opposition in places like Miami-Dade and Hillsborough counties

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Jacksonville only Florida city allowing Uber app to connect riders, limo drivers

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YMCA nearing design phase completion

Development and design of the new 73,000 square foot YMCA should be completed in the next 30 days, YMCA of Kokomo Executive Director David Dubois told the Kokomo Common Council Monday. Dubois said he hopes to begin construction on the new facility by Sept.

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YMCA nearing design phase completion

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Jacksonville only Florida city allowing Uber app to connect riders, limo drivers

They dont own any cars and they dont occupy a building where people can knock on their door, but if people have a smart phone and a credit card they can hire a luxury sedan. The so-called Uber application is changing the landscape for car services around the world but for now Jacksonville is the only city in Florida that allows them to operate. A bill in the state legislature (SB-1618) is trying to rewrite the rules to allow the smart phone application to exist in more Florida cities but it is running into opposition in places like Miami-Dade and Hillsborough counties.

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Jacksonville only Florida city allowing Uber app to connect riders, limo drivers

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Poet presents reading at LBCC

Poet, producer and playwright Darrel Alejandro Holnes will give a reading at noon Wednesday, April 16, at Linn-Benton Community Colleges Forum building, room F-104, 6500 Pacific Blvd S.W., Albany. An award-winning poet and playwright from Panama City, Panama, Holnes holds degrees in Creative Writing from the University of Michigan and the University of Houston.

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Poet presents reading at LBCC

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Globalizing World Requires Transatlantic Partnership and Leadership

Home EU Globalizing World Requires Transatlantic Partnership and Leadership Follow Us On

Speaker: Dr. Wolfgang Schuble, Minister of Finance, Federal Republic of Germany Presider: Robert M. Kimmitt, Chairman, American Council on Germany April 14, 2014

KIMMITT: Good afternoon, ladies and gentlemen. My name is Bob Kimmitt, and on behalf of the Council on Foreign Relations, I would like to welcome you to this conversation with Dr. Wolfgang Schauble, the finance minister of the Federal Republic of Germany.

Herr Bundesminister, willkommen in Washington. Mr. Minister, welcome back to Washington and to the Council on Foreign Relations. Today’s exceptionally large turnout is a real compliment to you.

German Finance Minister Wolfgang Schauble has given a lifetime of service to his country, half — half to West Germany and half to united Germany. He was a central member of the historic group that — under the leadership of Helmut Kohl and supported strongly by the United States — moved Germany from division to unity in fewer than 11 months in 1989 and ’90.

After service over decades in the Bundestag, the federal chancellery, and the interior ministry, he became federal minister of finance in October 2009, just as the financial crisis was moving from the United States to Europe. In these last five years, Wolfgang Schauble has become the most consequential finance minister in Europe and a leading figure in the G-7 and the G-20. Throughout, he’s been a superb representative of Germany, a strong supporter of a more unified and effective European Union, and a committed transatlanticist.

It’s my pleasure and honor to introduce Wolfgang Schauble, the minister of finance of the Federal Republic of Germany. Mr. Minister, the floor is yours.

(APPLAUSE)

SCHAUBLE: Thank you, Ambassador Kimmitt.

Ladies and gentlemen, it’s a great honor and pleasure for me to be here again. And I will not waste my time, but I will start immediately in saying, above and beyond all of the irritations, that the three letters in Germany, NSA stand for, this fact remains true: Like no two other actors on the global stage, the United States and Europe — what we call the Western world — share common values, common strengths, and common interests when it comes to shaping the global order of the 21st century.

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Globalizing World Requires Transatlantic Partnership and Leadership

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A Conversation With German Finance Minister Wolfgang Schuble

Home EU A Conversation With German Finance Minister Wolfgang Schuble Follow Us On

Speaker: Dr. Wolfgang Schuble, Minister of Finance, Federal Republic of Germany Presider: Robert M. Kimmitt, Chairman, American Council on Germany April 14, 2014

KIMMITT: Good afternoon, ladies and gentlemen. My name is Bob Kimmitt, and on behalf of the Council on Foreign Relations, I would like to welcome you to this conversation with Dr. Wolfgang Schuble, the finance minister of the Federal Republic of Germany.

Herr Bundesminister, willkommen in Washington. Mr. Minister, welcome back to Washington and to the Council on Foreign Relations. Today’s exceptionally large turnout is a real compliment to you.

German Finance Minister Wolfgang Schuble has given a lifetime of service to his country, half — half to West Germany and half to united Germany. He was a central member of the historic group that — under the leadership of Helmut Kohl and supported strongly by the United States — moved Germany from division to unity in fewer than 11 months in 1989 and ’90.

After service over decades in the Bundestag, the federal chancellery, and the interior ministry, he became federal minister of finance in October 2009, just as the financial crisis was moving from the United States to Europe. In these last five years, Wolfgang Schuble has become the most consequential finance minister in Europe and a leading figure in the G-7 and the G-20. Throughout, he’s been a superb representative of Germany, a strong supporter of a more unified and effective European Union, and a committed transatlanticist.

It’s my pleasure and honor to introduce Wolfgang Schuble, the minister of finance of the Federal Republic of Germany. Mr. Minister, the floor is yours.

(APPLAUSE)

SCHUBLE: Thank you, Ambassador Kimmitt.

Ladies and gentlemen, it’s a great honor and pleasure for me to be here again. And I will not waste my time, but I will start immediately in saying, above and beyond all of the irritations, that the three letters in Germany, NSA stand for, this fact remains true: Like no two other actors on the global stage, the United States and Europe — what we call the Western world — share common values, common strengths, and common interests when it comes to shaping the global order of the 21st century.

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A Conversation With German Finance Minister Wolfgang Schuble

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Mount Pleasant designing Town Hall's new front door

Quick links to other pages on this site | Still can’t find it? see Site Index MOUNT PLEASANT – The town’s most prominent government building soon will be razed and replaced by what could be one of its most prominent parks. If you go What: Workshop on a new park planned as part of the new Town Hall project

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Mount Pleasant designing Town Hall's new front door

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